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Philosophy Quiz Questions and Answers
No.-1. What is Philosophy?
Answer: The study that seeks to understand the mysteries of existence and reality.
No.-2. The term philosophy comes from:
Answer: The Greek word ‘Philosophia’.
No.-3. What is the meaning of ‘Philosophia’?
Answer: Love of wisdom.
No.-4. Mechanism maintains:
Answer: All happenings result from purely mechanical force, not from purpose and that it makes no sense to speak of the universe itself as having a purpose.
No.-5. Technology states:
Answer: The universe and everything in it exists and occurs for some purpose.
No.-6. Which aims to determine the nature, basis and extent of knowledge?
No.-7. ‘The various ways of knowing, the nature of truth and the relationship between knowledge and belief’ is explored by:
No.-8. Philosophers often distinguish between how many kinds of knowledge? What are they?
Answer: Two, Priori and Empirical.
No.-9. Which theory states that an idea is true if it corresponds to the facts or reality?
Answer: Correspondence theory.
No.-10. Which theory maintains that an idea is true if it works or settles the problem it deals with?
Answer: Pragmatic theory.
No.-11. The coherence theory states:
Answer: Truth is a matter of degree and that an idea is true to the extent to which it fits together with other ideas that one hold.
No.-12. Which is the philosophy that claims ‘we can never have real knowledge of anything’?
No.-13. Which is the study of principles and methods of reasoning?
No.-14. Logic explores:
Answer: Mow we distinguish between good reasoning and bad reasoning.
No.-15. What is called an instance of reasoning?
Answer: Argument or an inference.
Philosophy Quiz Question
No.-16. How many types of reasonings are there? Which are they?
Answer: Two, Deductive and Inductive.
No.-17. A deductive argument whose conclusion necessarily follows from the premises is said to be:
No.-18. A deductive argument whose conclusion does not necessarily follow from the premises:
No.-19. Which is the study of the nature of right and wrong and the distinction between good and evil?
No.-20. The nature of justice and of a just society and also one’s obligations to oneself, to others and to the society is explored by:
No.-21. Relativism maintains:
Answer: What is right or wrong depends on the particular culture concerned.
No.-22). Objectivism claims:
Answer: There are objective standards of right and wrong which can be discovered and which apply to every one.
No.-23. Which states that all moral standards are subjective matters of taste or opinion?
No.-24. Which is the study of art and beauty?
No.-25. The doctrine that all events have causes and occur by necessity:
No.-26. Dialectic in the philosophy of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel denotes:
Answer: Is a process of change brought about by the conflict of opposites.
No.-27. The pleasure should be the goal of human activity but that true pleasure depends on self control, moderation and honorable behaviour’ is the belief of:
No.-28. What is the belief of Hedonism?
Answer: The pleasure is the highest good.
No.-29. Which is the philosophy that stresses the importance of human beings and their nature and place in the universe?
No.-30. The theory that knowledge can be derived from reason by itself, independent of the senses is:
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No.-31. The doctorine that things exist in and of themselves, independent of ideas that people may have about them:
No.-32. What is utilitarianism?
Answer: Is the belief that human conduct should be based on what produces the greatest good for the greatest number of people.
No.-33. The relationship between philosophy and other fields of human activity can be seen by examining which two fields?
Answer: Philosophy and science, philosophy and religion.
No.-34. Which field studies the natural phenomena and the phenomena of society?
Answer: Philosophy and science.
No.-35. Upto which period there was no distinction made between science and philosophy?
No.-36. In which period the sociology and linguistics separated from philosophy?
Answer: Early 1800’s.
No.-37. Historically, philosophy originated from what?
Answer: Religious questions.
No.-38. Religious questions concerned with what?
Answer: The nature and purpose of life and death and the relationship of humanity to superhuman powers or a divine creator.
No.-39. Which are the two main traditions in oriental philosophy?
Answer: Chinese and Indian.
No.-40. In origin and character which philosophies are basically religious and ethical?
Answer: Indian and Chinese.
No.-41. Traditionally, Chinese philosophy is:
Answer: Largely practical, humanistic and social in its aims.
No.-42. When and with whom the Chinese philosophy was known?
Answer: In B.C 500’s, Confucius.
No.-43. Name of the philosophy of Confucius?
No.-44. Which was the official philosophy of China for centuries?
No.-45. What are the other philosophic traditions in China?
Answer: Taoism, Mohism and Realism.
Philosophy quiz Question Answer
No.-46. When did the movement Neo-Confucianism begin?
Answer: In 1100’s.
No.-47. In India, philosophic thought was mingled with what?
No.-48. When was philosophic commentaries on sacred texts emerged?
Answer: In B.C 500’s.
No.-49. The Indian word for studying the philosophic commentaries on sacred texts is:
No.-50. What is the meaning of the word ‘Darshana’?
Answer: Vision or seeing.
No.-51. Freedom from the sufferings and tension caused by the body and the senses and by attachment to worldly thing are the main aim of:
Answer: Indian philosophy.
No.-52. Which were the main philosophies developed in India?
Answer: Hinduism and Buddhism.
No.-53. The philosophic ideas ‘reincarnation’ has been influenced in which part of India?
No.-54. In philosophy ’the belief that the human soul is successively reborn in new bodies is called:
No.-55. The history of Western philosophy is commonly divided into how many periods?
No.-56. What are the three periods in Western philosophy?
Answer: Ancient, medieval and modern.
No.-57. The period of ancient philosophy:
Answer: About B.C 600 to A.D 400’s.
No.-58. The period of medieval philosophy:
Answer: From 400’s to 1600’s.
No.-59. Modern philosophy covers which period?
Answer: From 1600’s to the present.
No.-60. Ancient philosophy was almost entirely:
No.-61. Which are the most known ancient philosophers of Greek?
Answer: Socrates, Plato and Aristotle.
No.- 62. During which period the ancient philosophers of Greek were lived?
Answer: B.C 400’s and 300’s.
No.-63. The first Greek philosophers were known as:
No.-64. The Pre-Socratics were lived:
Answer: About B.C 469.
No.-65. Where was Socrates lived?
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No.-66. The procedure of Socrates is known as:
Answer: Socratic method.
No.-67. According to Plato, the changeless things such as truth, beauty and goodness, which are known by mind are:
Answer: Ideas or forms.
No.-68. Who taught that only ideas are real and that all other things only reflect ideas?
No.-69. Plato’s view became known as:
No.-70. Who was the famous pupil of Socrates?
No.-71. The period in which Socrates lived?
Answer: B.C 470-399.
No.-72. In which period Plato lived?
Answer: B.C 428-347.
No.-73. How was Socrates assassinated? In which year?
Answer: By giving poison, B.C 399.
No.-74. Who was Plato’s greatest pupil?
No.-75. Where did Aristotle born?
Answer: Stagira in Northern Greece.
No.-76. The period in which Aristotle lived?
Answer: B.C 384 to 322.
No.-77. Who invented the idea of a science and of separate sciences?
No.-78. Aristotle’s investigation “first philosophy” is known as:
No.-79. In metaphysics, Aristotle developed the idea of:
Answer: First cause.
No.-80. Which are the two main schools of Greek philosophy?
Answer: Stoic philosophy and Epicureanism.
No.-81. The schools, stoic philosophy and Epicureanism were emerged after the death of:
No.-82. Who is the founder of the school, stoic philosophy?
Answer: Zeno of Citium.
No.-83. The stoics believed in:
No.-84. Founder of Epicureanism?
No.-85. Epicurus philosophy is based on:
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No.-86. Skepticism was a:
Answer: School of philosophy.
No.-87. When did the Academic skepticism was begun? by whom?
Answer: B.C 200’ Arcesilaus.
No.-88. Which was the revised version of Plato’s ideas as adopted by Plotinus?
No.-89. When and where was philosopher Neoplatonism born?
Answer: A.D 200’s, Egypt.
No.-90. Which provides the bridge between Greek philosophy and early Christian philosophy?
No.-91. Who was the greatest philosopher of the early Middle Ages?
Answer: Saint Augustine.
No.-92. In which year, saint Augustine developed theories on sin, grace and salvation?
Answer: A.D 400’s.
No.-93. The author of the book ’The City of God’:
Answer: Saint Augustine.
No.-94. Which dominated the medieval philosophy from about the 1100’s to the 1400’s?
No.-95. In scholasticism teachers were called:
No.-96. Which was basically generated by the translation of Aristotle’s work on Latin?
No.-97. The language used in medieval Christian church:
No.-98. Who was the most famous scholastic?
Answer: Saint Thomas Aquinas.
No.-99. Whose philosophy became the official philosophy of the Roman Catholic Church?
Answer: Saint Thomas Aquinas.
No.-100. The Renaissance period of Italy:
Answer: About 1300 to 1600.