Full Form of ABM : Anti Balistic Missile

What is the full form of ABM?

No:1. ABM stands for Anti Balistic Missile.
No:2. It is a surface-to-air missile, specifically designed to intercept and counter ballistic missiles, i.e. a missile for missile defence.
No:3. This term is also used for an antimissile system designed to counter ballistic missiles.
No:4. However, generally, the missiles or systems designed to counter intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM) are known as ABM.

Some more information about ABM

No:1. India has also launched an Indian Ballistic Missile Defence Programme to develop a multi-layered ballistic missile defence system to protect the country from ballistic missile attacks.
No:2. It is an initiative in response to the missile threats from some countries, mainly the Pakistan.
No:3. It is a double-tiered system which comprises land and sea- based interceptor missiles; the Prithvi Air Defence (PAD) missile for high altitude interception and the Advanced Air Defence (AAD) Missile for lower altitude interception.

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No:4. This system is supposed to be able to intercept missiles launched from a distance of 5,000 kilometers.
No:5. It is also equipped with a network of radars for early warning and tracking and the command and control posts.
No:6. The PAD was tested for its accuracy, range and impact in November 2006 and the AAD was tested in December 2007.
No:7. Aftertesting the PAD, India became the fourth country to have successfully developed an anti-ballistic missile system after the US, Russia and Israel.

Some Popular Counter-ICBM systems/ABM

No:1. The Russian A-35 Anti-Ballistic Missile System

a). Its development started in 1971.
b). It uses Gorgon and Gazelle missiles to intercept and counter ICBMs.

No:2. The U.S. Ground-Based Midcourse Defense (GMD)

a). It is develop to defend the U.S. homeland from long-range ballistic missile attacks.
b). The current GMD system mainly provides protection against the missile attack by North Korea.

No:3. Arrow-3 Missile Defence System

a). It belongs to Israel.
b). It became operational in 2017.
c). It is design for exo-atmosphere interception of ballistic missiles including the ICBMs.

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