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Vitamin Deficiency Diseases Chart is one of the important parts of Exams like IAS, State PSC, SSC and other similar competitive exams. We presents a complete set of Vitamin Deficiency Diseases Chart with Pictures in the form of Practice sets.
Vitamin Deficiency Diseases Chart
No.-1. Vitamins are organic compounds that are required in small amounts in our diet but their deficiency causes specific diseases.
No.-2. Most of the vitamins cannot be synthesized in our body but plants can synthesize almost all of them, so they are considered as essential food factors.
No.-3. However, the bacteria of the gut can produce some of the vitamins required by us.
No.-4. All the vitamins are generally available in our diet. Different vitamins belong to various chemical classes and it is difficult to define them on the basis of structure.
No.-5. They are generally regarded as organic compounds required in the diet in small amounts to perform specific biological functions for normal maintenance of optimum growth and health of the organism.
No.-6. Vitamins are designated by alphabets A, B, C, D, etc. Some of them are further named as sub-groups e.g. B1, B2, B6, B12, etc.
No.-7. Vitamin A keeps our skin and eyes healthy.
No.-8. Vitamin C helps body to fight against many diseases. Vitamin C gets easily destroyed by heat during cooking.
No.-9. Vitamin D helps our body to use calcium for bones and teeth.
No.-10. Excess of vitamins is also harmful and vitamin pills should not be taken without the advice of doctor.
No.-11. The term “Vitamine” was coined from the word vital + amine since the earlier identified compounds had amino groups.
No.-12. Later work showed that most of them did not contain amino groups, so the letter ‘e’ was dropped and the term vitamin is used these days.
No.-13. Vitamins are classified into two groups depending upon their solubility in water or fat.
Vitamin Deficiency Diseases Chart with Pictures
Fat soluble vitamins
No.-1. Vitamins which are soluble in fat and oils but insoluble in water are kept in this group.
No.-2. These are vitamins A, D, E and K. They are stored in liver and adipose (fat storing) tissues.
Water soluble vitamins
No.-1. B group vitamins and vitamin C are soluble in water so they are grouped together.
No.-2. Water soluble vitamins must be supplied regularly in diet because they are readily excreted in urine and cannot be stored (except vitamin B12) in our body.
No.-1. A person may be getting enough food to eat, but sometimes the food may not contain a particular nutrient.
No.-2. If this continues over a long period of time, the person may suffer from its deficiency.
No.-3. Deficiency of one or more nutrients can cause diseases or disorders in our body. Diseases that occur due to lack of nutrients over a long period are called deficiency diseases.
No.-1. Vitamin A——— Night blindness
No.-2. Vitamin B2——– Ariboflavinosis
No.-3. Vitamin B3 ——–Pellagra
No.-4. Vitamin B5 ——–Paresthesia
No.-5. Vitamin B6 ——–Anemia
No.-6. Vitamin B7 —— Dermatitis, enteritis
No.-7. Vitamin B9 & Vitamin B12 —– Megaloblastic anemia
No.-8. Vitamin C —— Scurvy, Swelling of Gums
No.-9. Vitamin D —— Rickets & Osteomalacia
No.-10. Vitamin E —— Less Fertility
No.-10. Vitamin K —— Non-Clotting of Blood.
Vitamin Deficiency Diseases Chart PDF
Five Important Micronutrients
No.-1. As with vitamins, minerals they are found in small quantities within the body and they are obtained from a wide variety of foods.
No.-2. No single food contains all of the vitamins and minerals we need and, therefore, a balanced and varied diet is necessary for an adequate intake.
No.-3. Of course, we already know a huge amount about how these work, and the importance they have in normal human growth and development.
No.-4. Based on this, an Expert Panel of nutritionist, NGOs and development agencies indentified five micronutrients such as those below in their priority group:
No.-1. This vital micronutrient is found in a range of different foods including carrots, spinach, broccoli, milk, egg, liver and fish.
No.-2. It plays an essential role in vision (lack of Vitamin A is a common cause of blindness), reproduction and growth, and the functioning of a healthy immune system (it plays a key role in the development of white blood cells).
No.-3. Worldwide about 5 million children under the age of five are affected by xerophthalmia, a serious eye disorder caused by vitamin A deficiency.
No.-4. These children are at risk of becoming blind and are more likely to die of common childhood diseases.
Folate (folic acid)
No.-5. This is a generic term for a group of B vitamins including folic acid and naturally occurring
No.-6. Folic acid is a synthetic folate compound used in vitamin supplements and fortified food because of its increased stability.
No.-7. Folates are found in egg, dairy products, asparagus, orange juice, dark green leafy vegetables, beans and brown bread.
Vitamin Deficiency Diseases Chart in Hindi
No.-1. Seaweed and fish are rich sources but in many countries the addition of iodine (known as iodization) to salt is an important source.
No.-2. Iodine is one of the most important elements required by the developing foetus due to its effect on brain development.
No.-3. Iodine also serves a number of other important functions especially in the production of hormones.
No.-4. Goitre is a visible sign of severe iodine deficiency.
No.-5. Iron deficiency ultimately leads to iron deficiency anemia, the most common cause of anemia, a condition in which the blood lacks healthy red bloods cells required to carry oxygen, and which results in morbidity and death.
No.-6. Iron deficiency is the most widespread health problem in the world, impairing normal mental development in 40‐60% of infants in the developing world.
No.-7. Iron‐rich foods include lentils, red meat, poultry, fish, lentils, leaf vegetables and chick‐
No.-1. Found in a range of foodstuffs including liver, eggs, nuts, cereals and seafood.
No.-2. The absence of zinc is associated with a number of conditions including, short stature, anemia, impaired healing of wounds, poor gonadal function, and impaired cognitive and motor function.
No.-3. It can also lead to appetite disorders, as well as contributing to the increased severity and incidence of diarrhea and pneumonia.
No.-4. The most important effect of zinc deficiency is its impact on children’s resistance to infectious diseases including the risk of infection, the recurrence of infections and the severity of infection. This is well document in the case of diarrhoea. Zinc nutrition is therefore an important determinant of mortality in children.
Vitamin Deficiency Diseases Chart in English
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