TNT FULL FORM

TNT FULL FORM

Full Form of TNT : The full form of TNT is Trinitrotoluene

What is the Full form of TNT?

No:1. The full form of TNT is Trinitrotoluene.
No:2. TNT is a yellow solid that is often seen as a reagent in the chemical synthesis process but is commonly known for being an explosive substance with smooth handling characteristics.
No:3. TNT is an effective explosive because it can turn from solid to hot expanding gases quite rapidly.
No:4. 2 Moles of solid TNT transform nearly into 15 moles of hot gas, including little carbon Powder that brings the explosion characteristics.

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Properties of TNT

The important properties of TNT are listed below :

No:1. Chemical formulaC6H2(NO2)3CH3
No:2. TNT also called as2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, 2,4,6-Trinitromethylbenzene, 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluol.
No:3. Molar mass227.132 g·mol−1
No:4. AppearanceSolid has a pale yellow colour
No:5. Melting and boiling point80.35 °C or 240.0 °C

A brief history of TNT

No:1. TNT was first invented in 1863 by Julius Wilbrand, a German chemist.
No:2. It was first used for many years as a yellow dye.
No:3. Another German chemist, Carl Haussermann, identified its explosive function in 1891.
No:4. In 1902, it was introduced by the German Army as a filling for artillery shells.
No:5. The British Army used lyddite-filed shells, and it substituted lyddite with TNT later in 1907.

Synthesizing method of TNT

The synthesizing of TNT in the industry follows three steps.

First step :

Formation of MNT (mono nitro toluene) by nitration process in the presence of nitric and sulphuric acid.

Second step:

Separation of DNT and again nitration process to produce DNT (di nitro toluene).

Third step:

Formation of TNT from DNT by nitration process in the presence of oleum and anhydrous nitric acid.

Use of TNT

No:1. TNT is generally used for explosive purposes in industry & military sector.
No:2. It is a chemical explosive suitable for demolitions.
No:3. TNT can also be used to generate charge transfer salt.
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No.-1. Download 15000 One Liner Question Answers PDF

No.-2. Free Download 25000 MCQ Question Answers PDF

No.-3. Complete Static GK with Video MCQ Quiz PDF Download

No.-4. Download 1800+ Exam Wise Mock Test PDF

No.-5. Exam Wise Complete PDF Notes According Syllabus

No.-6. Last One Year Current Affairs PDF Download

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No.-8. Join Our Telegram Group

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