Simple Present Tense

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Simple Present Tense
Simple Present Tense

Simple Present Tense:- The Simple Present is a verb tense with two main uses. In English Grammar, we use present tense to talk about something that is going on now(currently) or that is true now and at any time. In other words, we use present tense to describe an event in real-time, i.e. happening at that very moment. Let us learn more about the present tense and its types. we share Simple Present Tense की सम्पूर्ण जानकारी एक नजर में.

Uses of Simple Present Tense 

No.-1. To express facts, general statements of truth, and common-sense ideas that everybody knows.

No.-2. To describe future plans and events.

No.-3. To tell jokes, stories, and relate sporting events in real-time.

No.-4. To state habits, customs, and events that happen periodically.

The third-person singular is formed using the following rules that must be memorized:

No.-1. To most regular verbs, add an s’ at the end.

No.-2. To verbs that end in y’, drop the y’ and add ies’

No.-3. To verbs that end in s’, ss’, sh’, ch’, th’, x’, z’, or o’, add an es’.

The simple present tense can be combined with several expressions, such as “every Tuesday”, “always”, “usually”, “twice a month”, etc…Additionally, this form can be made negative or can be used in the interrogative form as well.

The simple present tense is used

No.-1. To express habits, general truths, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions and wishes:

I smoke (habit); I work in London (unchanging situation); London is a large city (general truth)

No.-2. To give instructions or directions:

You walk for two hundred meters, then you turn left.

No.-3. To express fixed arrangements, present or future:

Your exam starts at 09.00

No.-4. To express future time, after some conjunctions: after, when, before, as soon as, until:

He’ll give it to you when you come next Saturday.

Simple Present Tense

The simple present tense uses the same verb form as the root form of the verb. We use the simple present tense in the following conditions:

No.-1. To show a fact or something that is always true

No.-2. For activities that we do daily -regularly or habitually

No.-3. To express thoughts, feelings, opinions and beliefs

No.-4. For a planned action or an event that will happen in the future

No.-5. We use this tense with a few adverbs to indicate something that happens rarely

No.-6. We use it in news, reported speech such as in sports commentaries, a narration of books and stories etc

No.-7. For schedules, plans and programmes

No.-8. To give instructions

Example of Simple Present Tense

Simple Present Tense Example For habits

No.-1. He drinks tea at Evening.

No.-2. She only eats fish.

No.-3. They watch television regularly.

Simple Present Tense Example For repeated actions or events

No.-1. We catch the bus every morning.

No.-2. It rains every afternoon in the hot season.

No.-3. They drive to Monaco every summer.

Simple Present Tense Example For general truths

No.-1. Water freezes at zero degrees.

No.-2. The Earth revolves around the Sun.

No.-3. Her mother is Peruvian.

Simple Present Tense Example For instructions or directions

No.-1. Open the packet and pour the contents into hot water.

No.-2. You take the No.6 bus to Watney and then the No.10 to Bedford.

Simple Present Tense Example For fixed arrangements

No.-1. His mother arrives tomorrow.

No.-2. Our holiday starts on the 26th March

Simple Present Tense Example With future constructions

No.-1. She’ll see you before she leaves.

No.-2. We’ll give it to her when she arrives.

Examples of the Simple Present Tense

base form or base form + “s”

No.-1 I play every Tuesday

No.-2. My family goes to France every summer.

No.-3. Between two evils, I always pick the one I have never tried before.

No.-4. Before I refuse to take your questions, I have an opening statement. (US President Ronald Reagan)

No.-5. I like the word indolence. It makes my laziness seem classy. (Philosopher Bernard Williams)

No.-6. I love deadlines. I like the whooshing sound they make as they fly by. (Author Douglas Adams)

No.-7. I base most of my fashion taste on what doesn’t itch. (Comedian Gilda Radner)

No.-8. War does not determine who is right – only who is left. (Philosopher Bertrand Russell)

How to Form the Simple Present

In the simple present, most regular verbs use the root form, except in the third-person singular (which ends in -s).

No.-1. First-person singular: I write

No.-2. Second-person singular: You write

No.-3. Third-person singular: He/she/it writes (note the ‑s)

No.-1. First-person plural: We write

No.-2. Second-person plural: You write

No.-3. Third-person plural: They write

For a few verbs, the third-person singular ends with -es instead of -s. Typically, these are verbs whose root form ends in o, ch, sh, th, ss, gh, or z.

No.-1. First-person singular: I go

No.-2. Second-person singular: You go

No.-3. Third-person singular: He/she/it goes (note the ‑es)

No.-1. First-person plural: We go

No.-2. Second-person plural: You go

No.-3. Third-person plural: They go

For most regular verbs, you put the negation of the verb before the verb, e.g. “She won’t go” or “I don’t smell anything.”

The verb to be is irregular:

No.-1. First-person singular: I am

No.-2. Second-person singular: You are

No.-3. Third-person singular: He/she/it is

No.-1. First-person plural: We are

No.-2. Second-person plural: You are

No.-3. Third-person plural: They are

How to Make the Simple Present Negative

The formula for making a simple present verb negative is do/does + not + [root form of verb]. You can also use the contraction don’t or doesn’t instead of do not or does not.

No.-1. Pauline does not want to share the pie.

No.-2. She doesn’t think there is enough to go around.

No.-3.  Her friends do not agree.

No.-4. I don’t want pie anyway.

Common Verbs in the Simple Present

Infinitive I, You, We, They He, She, It
to ask ask / do not ask asks / does not ask
to work work / do not work works / does not work
to call call / do not call calls / does not call
to use use / do not use uses / does not use
to have have / do not have has / does not have

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