Highest Peaks in India

0
780
Highest Peaks in India
Highest Peaks in India

Highest Peaks in India:- India has seven prominent mountain ranges that house various mountain peaks. The topic, ‘Mountain Peaks or The Highest Mountain Peak in India’ comes under Geography which is a significant subject competitive exams.

The subject overlaps with the topics Environment, Economics and Current Events. In this article, aspirants can find a list of the highest peaks in different states of India or Highest Mountain Peak in India, Which is the Highest Peak in India.

Our country is also home to the mighty Himalayas, the highest mountain range in the world, which has some of the highest peaks as well.

The Karakoram ranges, Garhwal Himalaya and Kanchenjunga are home to the highest peaks in India, such as Kanchenjunga, Nanda Devi, and Kamet, to name the top three.

In this post we share Which is Highest Peak in India, Which is the Highest Mountain Peak in India or Which is Highest Mountain Peak in India.

Highest Peaks in India

Top 10 Highest Peaks in India

Mountain Peak Height Description
K2 8611 metres
  • The highest peak in Indian subcontinent lies between Baltistan and Xinjiang
  • It is the highest peak in the Karakoram
Kangchenjunga 8586 metres
  • The third highest summit in the World
  • Also known as the ‘five treasures of snow’
  • Lies in Himalayan Mountain Range
Nanda Devi 7816 metres
  • Ranked the 23rd highest peak across the world.
  • The Nanda Devi National Prak, located in vicinity to the peak, consists of the best high altitude flora and fauna.
  • This is the highest peak located entirely within India
  • It is a part of Himalayan mountain ranges (Garhwal)
Kamet 7756 metres
  • It is located near the Tibetan Plateau
  • It is located in the Garhwal region
Santoro Kangri 7742 metres
  • It is located near the Siachen Glacier, one of the longest glaciers in the world
  • The Santoro Kangri is ranked the 31st highest independent peak in the world
  • It lies in Santoro range (a part of Karakoram range)

Saser Kangri

7672 metres
  • Located in Jammu and Kashmir, it is a group of five majestic mountain peaks
  • This mountain peak is the 35th highest mountain peak in the world
  • It lies in Saser Muztagh range (an easternmost subrange of Karakoram Range.)
Mamostrong Kangri 7516 metres
  • It is located near a remote area of Siachen Glacier
  • It is the 48th independent peak in India
  • Highest peak of Rimo Muztagh range (a subrange of Karakoram range)
Rimo 7385 metres
  • The Rimo is a part of the Great Karakoram ranges.
  • It is the 71st highest peak in the world.
Hardeol 7151 metres
  • This peak is also known as the ‘Temple of God’
  • It is one of the oldest summits in the Kumaon Himalaya
Chaukamba 7138 metres
  • It is located in the Garhwal district of Uttrakhand.
  • It is a part of the Gangotri Group of ranges which includes a total of four peaks
Trisul 7120 metres
  • The name of this mountain peak is taken from the weapon of Lord Shiva.
  • It is one of three mountain peaks located in the Kumaon Himalaya in Uttrakhand.

List of Mountains in India with States

Apart from the list of the ten highest peaks in India, there are other major mountain peaks in India. The table below gives the list of mountain ranges in India along with the state in which it is located and its height

List of Mountain Peaks in India- Statewise
Peak Range/Region State Height 
Arma Konda Eastern Ghats Andhra Pradesh 1680 m
Kangto Eastern Himalaya Arunachal Pradesh 7060 m
Someshwar Fort West Champaran District Bihar 880 m
Bailadila Range Dantewada District Chhattisgarh 1276 m
Sosogad Western Ghats Goa 1022 m
Girnar Junagadh District Gujarat 1010 m
Karoh Peak Morni Hills Haryana 1467 m
Reo Purgyil Western Himalaya Himachal Pradesh 6816 m
K2 Karakoram Jammu and Kashmir 8611 m
Parasnath Parasnath Hills Jharkhand 1370 m
Mullayanagiri Western Ghats Karnataka 1930 m
Anamudi Western Ghats Kerala 2695 m
Dhupgarh Satpura Madhya Pradesh 1350 m
Kalsubai Western Ghats Maharashtra 1646 m
Mount Iso Senapati District Manipur 2994 m
Shillong Peak Khasi Hills Meghalaya 1965 m
Phawngpui Saiha District Mizoram 2157 m
Mount Saramati Naga Hills Nagaland 3840 m
Deomali Eastern Ghats Odisha 1672 m
Unnamed point on the Naina Devi Rupnagar District Punjab 1000 m
Guru Shikhar Aravali Rajasthan 1722 m
Kanchenjunga Eastern Himalaya Sikkim 8586 m
Doddabetta Nilgiri Hills Tamil Nadu 2637 m
Laxmidevipalli Deccan Plateau Telangana 670 m
Betalongchhip Jampui Hills Tripura 930 m
Amsot Peak Shivalik Hills Uttar Pradesh 945 m
Nanda Devi Garhwal Himalaya Uttarakhand 7816 m
Sandakphu Eastern Himalaya West Bengal 3636 m

 

Highest Mountain Peak in India

The most famous and the highest mountain range of India is the Himalayan range. It is also the youngest and the longest mountain range in India and has almost every largest peak of the world. The Himalayan mountain range bisects India from the rest of Asia and is the primary source of mighty rivers in India.

No.-1. The Himalaya Range

No.-1. The highest mountain range of India, Himalaya literally translates to “abode of snow” from Sanskrit.

No.-2. The Himalayan Mountain is the youngest range of India and is a new fold mountain formed by the collision of two tectonic plates.

No.-3. The Himalayan Mountain Range has almost every highest peak of the world and on an average they have more than 100 peaks with height more than 7200m.

No.-4. Nanga Parbat and Namcha Barwa is considered as the western and eastern point of the Himalayas.

No.-5. Mount Everest is the highest peak of the world at 8848m. It lies in the Himalayan Range in Nepal.

No.-6. Himalayas is also the source of many great river ranges, including the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Indus.

No.-7. Himalayas also play a vital role in regulating the climate in northern India by preventing cold air from entering Indian mainland in winter season.

No.-2. Karakoram and Pir Panjal Range

No.-1. Karakoram Range and Pir Panjal Range lies to the North-west and south of the Himalayan Range.

No.-2. A major part of the Karakoram Range lies under the disputed category of Indian and Pakistan and both countries have declared a claim over it.

No.-3. Karakoram Range, with a length of 500km holds many largest peaks of Earth. K2, the second highest peak of the world, at 8,611m lies in the Karakoram Range.

No.-4. Hindu-Kush, an extension of the Karakoram Range runs in Afghanistan.

No.-5. Karakoram has the most glaciers excluding Polar Regions. The Siachen Glacier and The Biafo Glacier, which are world’s 2nd and 3rd largest glaciers, are located in this range.

No.-6. The Pir Panjal Range is located in southern direction of Himalayas starting from Himachal Pradesh in India and running north-west towards Jammu & Kashmir and disputed area of Jammu & Kashmir.

No.-7. This range is also known as Lower Himalayas. Rivers like Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum flow through this range. The city of Gulmarg, a very important hill station, lies here.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.