Highest Peaks in India:- India has seven prominent mountain ranges that house various mountain peaks. The topic, ‘Mountain Peaks or The Highest Mountain Peak in India’ comes under Geography which is a significant subject competitive exams.
The subject overlaps with the topics Environment, Economics and Current Events. In this article, aspirants can find a list of the highest peaks in different states of India or Highest Mountain Peak in India, Which is the Highest Peak in India.
Our country is also home to the mighty Himalayas, the highest mountain range in the world, which has some of the highest peaks as well.
The Karakoram ranges, Garhwal Himalaya and Kanchenjunga are home to the highest peaks in India, such as Kanchenjunga, Nanda Devi, and Kamet, to name the top three.
In this post we share Which is Highest Peak in India, Which is the Highest Mountain Peak in India or Which is Highest Mountain Peak in India.
Highest Peaks in India
Top 10 Highest Peaks in India
|Nanda Devi||7816 metres||
|Santoro Kangri||7742 metres||
|Mamostrong Kangri||7516 metres||
List of Mountains in India with States
Apart from the list of the ten highest peaks in India, there are other major mountain peaks in India. The table below gives the list of mountain ranges in India along with the state in which it is located and its height
|List of Mountain Peaks in India- Statewise|
|Arma Konda||Eastern Ghats||Andhra Pradesh||1680 m|
|Kangto||Eastern Himalaya||Arunachal Pradesh||7060 m|
|Someshwar Fort||West Champaran District||Bihar||880 m|
|Bailadila Range||Dantewada District||Chhattisgarh||1276 m|
|Sosogad||Western Ghats||Goa||1022 m|
|Girnar||Junagadh District||Gujarat||1010 m|
|Karoh Peak||Morni Hills||Haryana||1467 m|
|Reo Purgyil||Western Himalaya||Himachal Pradesh||6816 m|
|K2||Karakoram||Jammu and Kashmir||8611 m|
|Parasnath||Parasnath Hills||Jharkhand||1370 m|
|Mullayanagiri||Western Ghats||Karnataka||1930 m|
|Anamudi||Western Ghats||Kerala||2695 m|
|Dhupgarh||Satpura||Madhya Pradesh||1350 m|
|Kalsubai||Western Ghats||Maharashtra||1646 m|
|Mount Iso||Senapati District||Manipur||2994 m|
|Shillong Peak||Khasi Hills||Meghalaya||1965 m|
|Phawngpui||Saiha District||Mizoram||2157 m|
|Mount Saramati||Naga Hills||Nagaland||3840 m|
|Deomali||Eastern Ghats||Odisha||1672 m|
|Unnamed point on the Naina Devi||Rupnagar District||Punjab||1000 m|
|Guru Shikhar||Aravali||Rajasthan||1722 m|
|Kanchenjunga||Eastern Himalaya||Sikkim||8586 m|
|Doddabetta||Nilgiri Hills||Tamil Nadu||2637 m|
|Laxmidevipalli||Deccan Plateau||Telangana||670 m|
|Betalongchhip||Jampui Hills||Tripura||930 m|
|Amsot Peak||Shivalik Hills||Uttar Pradesh||945 m|
|Nanda Devi||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand||7816 m|
|Sandakphu||Eastern Himalaya||West Bengal||3636 m|
Highest Mountain Peak in India
The most famous and the highest mountain range of India is the Himalayan range. It is also the youngest and the longest mountain range in India and has almost every largest peak of the world. The Himalayan mountain range bisects India from the rest of Asia and is the primary source of mighty rivers in India.
No.-1. The Himalaya Range
No.-1. The highest mountain range of India, Himalaya literally translates to “abode of snow” from Sanskrit.
No.-2. The Himalayan Mountain is the youngest range of India and is a new fold mountain formed by the collision of two tectonic plates.
No.-3. The Himalayan Mountain Range has almost every highest peak of the world and on an average they have more than 100 peaks with height more than 7200m.
No.-4. Nanga Parbat and Namcha Barwa is considered as the western and eastern point of the Himalayas.
No.-5. Mount Everest is the highest peak of the world at 8848m. It lies in the Himalayan Range in Nepal.
No.-6. Himalayas is also the source of many great river ranges, including the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Indus.
No.-7. Himalayas also play a vital role in regulating the climate in northern India by preventing cold air from entering Indian mainland in winter season.
No.-2. Karakoram and Pir Panjal Range
No.-1. Karakoram Range and Pir Panjal Range lies to the North-west and south of the Himalayan Range.
No.-2. A major part of the Karakoram Range lies under the disputed category of Indian and Pakistan and both countries have declared a claim over it.
No.-3. Karakoram Range, with a length of 500km holds many largest peaks of Earth. K2, the second highest peak of the world, at 8,611m lies in the Karakoram Range.
No.-4. Hindu-Kush, an extension of the Karakoram Range runs in Afghanistan.
No.-5. Karakoram has the most glaciers excluding Polar Regions. The Siachen Glacier and The Biafo Glacier, which are world’s 2nd and 3rd largest glaciers, are located in this range.
No.-6. The Pir Panjal Range is located in southern direction of Himalayas starting from Himachal Pradesh in India and running north-west towards Jammu & Kashmir and disputed area of Jammu & Kashmir.
No.-7. This range is also known as Lower Himalayas. Rivers like Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum flow through this range. The city of Gulmarg, a very important hill station, lies here.