Full Form of GSLV : Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle

What is the full form of GSLV?

No:1. GSLV stands for Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle.
No:2. It is the satellite-launch vehicle developed and operated by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
No:3. It is used to launch satellites and space objects into the Geosynchronous Transfer Orbits.
No:4. It has launched eleven satellites till date (July 2017).
No:5. The 1st satellite was launched in 2001 and the most recent satellite was launched on 5 May 2017.

GSLV Description

No:1. GSLV is 49 meters tall.
No:2. It is a 3-stage launcher with a lift-off mass of 414.75 tonnes.
No:3. It is provided with strap-on motors.
No:4. The current configuration of GSLV can put a payload of around 2500 kg in the Geostationary Transfer Orbit (GTO).
No:5. Furthermore, it can put a payload up to 5 tonnes in Low Earth Orbits (LEO).

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Stages of GSLV

No:1. 1st Stage (GS1)

a). In this stage, S-138 solid rocket motor provided with four liquid engine strap-on motors is used to generate thrust.
b). It can generate a maximum thrust of 4700 Kilo Newton.

No:2. 2nd Stage (GS2)

a). This stage uses a liquid rocket engine called Vikas.
b). A maximum thrust of 800 Kilo Newton is generated in this stage.

No:3. 3rd Stage (CUS)

a). In this stage, a cryogenic engine is used.
b). This engine uses liquefied hydrogen and oxygen as fuel.
c). The CE=7.5 is the first cryogenic engine of India.

Brief History

No:1. The GSLV project was initiate in 1990 to become an independent nation in launching geosynchronous satellites.
No:2. On 18 April 2001, the first developmental flight of GSLV Mk I (GSLV-D1) was launch on 18 April 2001. It was not able to reach the correct orbit.
No:3. It became operational after it successfully placed GSAT-2 in its second developmental flight.
No:4. In September 2004, it launched EDUSAT ? the first satellite of India for educational services.
No:5. The second operational flight (GSLV FO2) was not able to place satellite (INSAT-4C) into the orbit.
No:6. The first successful flight of GSLV Mark. II was the launch of GSLV-F05 on 5 January 2014 using an indigenously developed cryogenic engine (CE-7.5.)
No:7. On 8 September 2016, GSLV-F05 was launch to launch the INSAT-3DR satellite from Sriharikota.
No:8. On 5 May 2017, GSLV-F09 successfully launched GSAT-9 from Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota.

Important MCQ’s

Que.-1.मनुष्य का सामान्य रक्तचाप कितना होता है?

(a) 120/80

(b) 90/120

(c) 120/90

(d) 80/120

Ans : (a) 120/80

Que.-2.वंदेमातरम् समाचार पत्र के संस्थापक कौन थे?

(a) मोतीलाल नेहरू

(b) महात्मा गांधी

(c) श्यामजी कृष्ण वमा

(d) केशवचंद्र सेन

Ans : (c) श्यामजी कृष्ण वमा

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