ESA FULL FORM

ESA FULL FORM

Full Form of ESA : European Space Agency.

What is the full form of the ESA?

No:1. The full form of ESA is the European Space Agency.
No:2. It is a European research organization in the sector space technology, established in 1975 by the combination of the ELDO (European Launcher Development Organization) and the ESRO (European Space Research Organization).
No:3. It has 22 member states and its headquartered is located in Paris.
No:4. In several European countries, it also has branches.

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Brief History of ESA

No:1. After the Second World War, Europe expressed the requirement for a space program.
No:2. Ultimately, in 1958, two prominent European scientists, Pierre Auger & Edoardo Amaldi, proposed uniting European governments and setting up an organization identical to CERN.
No:3. In1964, countries had formed a framework to build on launchers for the European Launch Development organization and make spacecraft for the ESRO.
No:4. The European Space Agency came into being in 1975, roughly ten years after the merger of ELDO with ESRO and the contributions of its ten founding member nations.
No:5. Cos-B was the very first satellite mission planned to look at gamma radiation in space.
No:6. ESA has a Board of Governors that offers the basic guidelines under which ESA establishes the European Space Programmes.
No:7. ESA is managed by a Director-General who, for five years, is appointed by the Council.

Main Objectives of ESA

No:1. ESA goal to shape the growth of the space capabilities of Europe and to ensure that space programme investments prove beneficial to European people and to the globe.
No:2. It is also an organization responsible for European civilian space operations and a significant donor to the international space station.
No:3. Also, it has different satellite programmes intended to explore both the Earth as well as other planets.
No:4. Mars Express, which orbits the Red Planet, and Rosetta that is a space probe that entered Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko in 2014 are among its primary missions.
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