EDTA FULL FORM

EDTA FULL FORM

Full Form of EDTA : Ethylene-diamine-tetra-acetic Acid

What is the full form of EDTA?

No:1. EDTA stands for Ethylene-diamine-tetra-acetic Acid.
No:2. It is a chemical that is known by multiple names and is widely used for medical and industrial purposes.
No:3. This chemical was first synthesized by Ferdinand Munz in 1935.
No:4. It is a colourless, water-soluble solid with ethylenediaminetetraacetate as its conjugate base.

Properties of EDTA

No:1. Formula: C10H16N2O8
No:2. Average Mass: 292.24272
No:3. Monoisotopic Mass: 09067
No:4. It is a widely used chelating agent in food, household products and as a medication in chelation therapy.

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Structure of EDTA

It is a dry and white crystalline powder and a hexadentate ligand, so, it forms six bonds with a central metal ion.

Uses in Food

No:1. USFDA has approved EDTA for its use as an additive in various processed food items.
No:2. It helps retain colour in canned foods like mushrooms, white potatoes, shrimp, clams, etc.
No:3. It is also used as a preservative in salads, mayonnaise, etc., as it bonds with enzymes that spoil food.
No:4. It also helps retain the flavour of canned sodas, pickled cucumbers, pickled cabbage, etc.

Medicinal Uses of EDTA

No:1. It is used as prescription medicine. No:2. It can be injected into the vein or muscle. Some of the medicinal uses of EDTA are given below:
a). It is used to prevent clotting of blood samples and to remove lead and calcium from the body. So, it is widely used as an anticoagulant in blood banks.
b). It is also used to prevent bacteria from creating a biofilm, which is a thin layer that sticks to the surface.
c). It is use to treat lead poisoning and brain damage due to lead poisoning.
d). It is use to treat irregular heartbeat caused by exposure to chemicals and to treat chest pain, high blood pressure, blood circulation issues, and more.
e). It is also use as an ointment for skin related problems such as skin irritations caused by metals like nickel, copper and chromium.
f). It is use in the root canal therapy before applying the dental adhesives.
g). It is also present in some eye drops as it helps remove calcium deposits from the eye.

Side effects

A patient may experience any one of the following side effects after taking the EDTA:
No:1. Red skin rashes, blistering, peeling
No:2. Nausea, vomiting, headache and diarrhea
No:3. Pain, swelling and redness in the area where the injection is given
No:4. You may feel dizzy if get up too fast from after taking the injection of EDTA
No:5. After taking the injection of EDTA, a person is require to lie down for a while as there can be a drop in the blood pressure for a while.

Household Product and Cosmetic Use

No:1. It is also widely use as an additive to soaps.
No:2. It can chelate calcium and magnesium in hard water and thus improves the cleansing action of soap.
No:3. Besides soaps, it is also use in cosmetics, mouthwashes, and other common topical preparations for skin.
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