ARMD FULL FORM

ARMD FULL FORM

Full Form of ARMD : Age Related Macular Degeneration

What is the full form of ARMD

No:1. ARMD stands for Age Related Macular Degeneration.
No:2. It is a common eye condition among people over the age of 60, more likely to develop as a person ages.
No:3. It affects the central part of the retina, called macula.
No:4. It gradually deteriorates macula which results in blurred or reduced central vision.
No:5. The macula is responsible for clear vision in your direct line of sight (central vision).
No:6. So, it causes changes in your central vision and makes everyday tasks difficult.

Types of AMD

AMD is of two types: Dry AMD and Wet AMD

(i). Dry AMD

No:1. It is the most common type of AMD, characterized by the occurrence of yellow deposits (drusen) in the macula.
No:2. It progresses slowly, so causes a gradual change in your central vision.
No:3. In the advanced stages, it may cause a blank patch or blind spot in the centre of a person’s vision.

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(ii). WET AMD

No:1. It is a less common form of macular generation which progresses quickly and causes severe changes in a person’s central vision in a short period of time, over few days or weeks.
No:2. It causes the growth of new abnormal blood vessels from choroid, a layer underneath the macula.
No:3. This change is known as choroidal neovascularization.
No:4. These vessels may leak blood and fluid under the macula which results in scarring of the macula and thus causes distortion of central vision and may lead to permanent loss of central vision.

Risk Factors

No:1. Aging
No:2. Genetic
No:3. Smoking
No:4. Cardiovascular disease
No:5. Hypertension
No:6. Deficiency of omega-3 fatty acids
No:7. Low intake of green leafy vegetables

Symptoms

No:1. Visuals distortions
No:2. Reduced central vision
No:3. Sentences on a page appear wavy or distorted
No:4. Blurred vision
No:5. Blurry areas on a printed page
No:6. Decreased intensity or brightness of colors
No:7. Difficulty in recognizing faces

Its diagnosis involves

No:1. Visual acuity test
No:2. Dilated eye exam
No:3. Amsler grid
No:4. Funduscopic examination
No:5. Color fundus photography
No:6. Optical coherence tomography
No:7. Fluorescein angiography
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